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1.  You’re supposed to shake hands.(P94)你们应该握手。
be supposed to用来表示根据规定或按照法律人们不得不做的事,或期待将要发生的事,与should相似,后面也是接动词原形。否定形式在be动词后加not,常表示禁止做某事。
We’re supposed to make no noise in class. 在课堂上我们不该发出噪音。
We’re supposed to start work at 8∶00 every morning.
2. Spending time with family and friends is very important to us. (P96)与家人和朋友共度时光对我们非常重要。
Spending time with family and friends 是动名词短语,在本句中作主语。动名词(短语)作主语时,谓语动词要用第三人称单数形式。如果是并列的动名词(短语)作主句时,谓语动词用复数形式。
Reading in bed is not good for your eyes. 在床上看书对眼睛不好。
Reading and writing take me a lot of time. 读书写作花了我不少时间。
3.  We’re the land of watches, after all! (P96)毕竟我们是手表的国度。
句中的land意为“国土”,“国家”。它还可以表示 “陆地”,与河流和海洋相对;也可以表示“土地”,可耕种的田地就叫做land。
We traveled by land until we reached the sea.我们沿陆路旅行,直到看见大海。
All the waste land in this area has been opened up.这个地区的荒地全被开垦了。
与“土地”,“地”相关的词语还有earth, soil和ground。
◎ earth意为“地”,“地球”,“泥土”。它着重指“大地”,区别于“天空”。
The earth moves round the sun.地球围绕太阳转。
◎ soil意为“土地”,“土壤”,尤指生长植物的土地。
The soil is very thin in the forest.森林里土层非常薄。
◎ ground意为“地”,“地面”,主要指大地表面。不论是泥地,沙地或水泥地,均可用这个词表示;也可以用来指运动场地。 (来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)
The ground is covered with leaves in the woods.树林里的地面上落满了树叶。
4. You’re not supposed to make noise while eating noodles. (P97)吃面条的时候你不应该弄出响声来。
句中的while eating noodles是while接从句的省略形式,该句完整形式是while you are eating noodles。由while和when引导的时间状语从句,如果主语和主句的主语相同,从句中的主语和be动词常可省略。
While/When (she was)leaving the house, she was heard to make some commonplace remark to her husband.有人听到她在离开房间时同他的丈夫寒暄。
5. It’s rude to point at anyone with your chopsticks. (P97)用筷子指着别人是无礼的。
本句是主系表结构,不定式短语是真正的主语,it是形式主语。句中point意为“指”,“指向”,常构成短语point at, point to和point out。
◎point to和point at都含有“指着”的意思,两者一般可以互换。
The teacher is pointing at/to the map on the wall.老师指着墙上的地图。
◎但主语是事物时,一般用point to作谓语。point at可以分开使用,即point后直接跟名词或代词作宾语,再跟介词at表示方向,意为“把……指向”,而point to却不能分开使用。
The soldier pointed his gun at the doctor.士兵用枪指着医生。
◎point out意为“指出”,其中out是副词。如果它后面的宾语是代词,则必须把该宾语放在out之前。
Please point out the mistakes in my composition.请指出我作文中的错误。
Luckily, the man knew Mr Green and pointed him out to us.
6. Although I still make lots of mistakes, it doesn’t bother me like it used to. (P98)虽然我还是出了不少错,但它(法语)不像以前那样让我烦恼。
(1)mistake意为“错误”,“过失”,可数名词,常指由于认识,理解或判断上的失误造成行为或看法上的错误,也指因粗心,疏忽,技术不熟练等而犯的错误。通常与make连用构成make mistakes/a mistake“出错”,“犯错误”。
Anyone can make a mistake. 人人都会犯错误。
He only made two mistakes in grammar today. 他今天只犯了两个语法错误。
(2)bother 意思是“烦扰,打扰”,常用作及物动词。
Hot weather bothers me. 炎热的天气使我烦恼。
7. I find it difficult to remember everything, but I’m gradually getting used to things, and don’t find them so strange any more. (P98)我发现将这一切全记住很难,但慢慢就对这些东西习惯了,也就不再觉得它们很怪异了。
(1)find it difficult to remember everything中的it是形式宾语,动词不定式短语是真正的宾语,形容词difficult是宾补。
I found it hard to do the work all by myself.我发现独自一人干这活很难。
I think it useful to read English in the morning. 我认为早晨读英语很有用。
(2)be used to sth/doing(sth)是中学英语学习中的重点、难点,也是中考考点。常与used to do sth和be used to do sth一起进行考查。
◎be used to是“习惯于”的意思,可用于各种时态。其中to是介词,后面接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。

She isn’t used to living in the country.她不习惯住在乡下。
We’ve been used to hard work.我们已经习惯干累活了。
You will soon get used to the weather here.你很快就会习惯这里的天气的。

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·Could you please tell me where the restrooms a
·Rainy days make me sad.
·By the time I got outside,the bus had already
·We’re trying to save the manatees!
·When was it invented?
·I’llhelp clean up the city parks.
·Where would you like to visit?
·I like music that I can dance to.
·It must belong to Carla
·What would you do?

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